How to Use Volume Weighted Average Price (VWAP) in Scalping?

BY TIO Staff

|June 20, 2024

The Volume Weighted Average Price (VWAP) is a trading benchmark that traders and investors use to determine the average price a security has traded at throughout the day, based on both volume and price. It is particularly useful in scalping, a trading strategy that involves making numerous trades over the course of a day to profit from small market movements. This article delves into the intricacies of using VWAP in scalping, offering a comprehensive guide for traders looking to enhance their trading strategies with this powerful tool.

Understanding VWAP

The first step in leveraging VWAP for scalping is to understand what it is and how it works. VWAP gives traders insight into both the trend and the value of a security, by combining price data with volume data to produce a weighted average price.

Components of VWAP

VWAP is calculated by adding up the dollars traded for every transaction (price multiplied by the number of shares traded) and then dividing by the total shares traded for the day. This calculation provides a continuous aggregate average price of the security, allowing traders to see the price at which the majority of volume has transacted.

Significance of VWAP in Trading

For traders, VWAP serves as a reference point for the average price of a security throughout the day. It is especially significant for scalpers, who aim to capitalize on small price movements. By comparing the current price of a security to its VWAP, scalpers can determine whether it is undervalued or overvalued at any given moment during the trading day.

Applying VWAP in Scalping Strategies

Integrating VWAP into scalping strategies can significantly enhance a trader's ability to make informed decisions. It provides a clear benchmark that can be used to identify optimal entry and exit points.

Identifying Entry Points

Scalpers can use VWAP to identify potential entry points. When the price of a security is below the VWAP, it may be considered undervalued, suggesting a buying opportunity. Conversely, if the price is above the VWAP, the security may be overvalued, indicating a potential selling opportunity.

Setting Exit Points

Similarly, VWAP can help scalpers determine when to exit a trade. A common strategy is to exit a buy position when the price moves above the VWAP, realizing a profit. For a sell position, an exit point could be when the price drops below the VWAP.

Risks and Considerations

While VWAP is a valuable tool for scalpers, it is important to be aware of the risks and considerations involved in its application.

Market Volatility

Market volatility can significantly impact the effectiveness of VWAP in scalping. During periods of high volatility, prices can fluctuate widely, making it more challenging to use VWAP as a reliable benchmark for trading decisions.

Volume Anomalies

Sudden spikes in trading volume can skew the VWAP, leading to potential misinterpretations of the market. Scalpers must be vigilant and consider the context of volume changes when using VWAP as part of their strategy.

Advanced Strategies with VWAP

For experienced traders, there are advanced strategies that can be employed in conjunction with VWAP to further enhance trading performance.

Standard Deviation Bands

One advanced technique is to combine VWAP with standard deviation bands. By plotting multiple standard deviation bands around the VWAP line, traders can identify potential overbought or oversold conditions, providing additional insights for trading decisions.

Volume Profile Analysis

Another advanced strategy involves analyzing the volume profile in relation to VWAP. Traders can look for volume clusters at specific price levels relative to the VWAP, indicating areas of high trading interest and potential support or resistance zones.

Optimizing VWAP Parameters

Adjusting the parameters used in calculating VWAP can offer traders more flexibility and customization in their trading strategies.

Time Period Selection

Traders can experiment with different time periods when calculating VWAP to adapt to varying market conditions. Shorter time periods may provide more responsive VWAP values, while longer time periods can offer a broader perspective on price trends.

Volume Weighting Factors

Exploring different volume weighting factors can also impact the sensitivity of VWAP to volume changes. By adjusting the weighting of volume data in the VWAP calculation, traders can fine-tune the indicator to suit their trading preferences.


Using the Volume Weighted Average Price (VWAP) in scalping offers traders a powerful tool for enhancing their trading strategies. By providing a weighted average price that considers both volume and price, VWAP serves as a crucial benchmark for making informed trading decisions. However, it is essential for traders to understand the underlying principles of VWAP and to be mindful of the risks associated with its application. With careful consideration and strategic application, VWAP can be an invaluable asset in the arsenal of any scalper.

Further Reading

For traders interested in exploring VWAP and scalping further, a wealth of resources is available. Educational materials, trading forums, and community discussions can provide deeper insights and practical tips for incorporating VWAP into your trading strategy. Engaging with a community of traders can also offer support and advice, helping you to refine your approach and achieve greater success in your trading endeavors.

Start Scalping with VWAP on TIOmarkets

Now that you've learned how to leverage the Volume Weighted Average Price (VWAP) in your scalping strategy, it's time to put your knowledge into action. Join TIOmarkets, a top-rated forex broker, and trade over 300 instruments across 5 markets, including Forex, indices, stocks, commodities, and futures with low fees. With over 170,000 accounts opened in more than 170 countries, TIOmarkets is committed to helping you learn how to trade effectively with our comprehensive suite of educational resources. Ready to take your scalping to the next level? Create a Trading Account today and start trading with precision and confidence.

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Risk Disclaimer - of Liability: The authors, publishers, and distributors of this article are not responsible for any losses, damages, or liabilities that may arise from the use of the information contained herein. Readers are encouraged to seek professional advice from a qualified financial advisor before engaging in any trading activities.

By accessing this article, you acknowledge and agree that you are fully responsible for your trading decisions and any resulting outcomes. Always conduct thorough research and consider your financial situation, risk tolerance, and investment objectives before making any trading decisions.

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TIO Staff

Behind every blog post lies the combined experience of the people working at TIOmarkets. We are a team of dedicated industry professionals and financial markets enthusiasts committed to providing you with trading education and financial markets commentary. Our goal is to help empower you with the knowledge you need to trade in the markets effectively.

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