How to Use Volume Weighted Average Price (VWAP) in Trend Following?

BY TIO Staff

|June 20, 2024

The Volume Weighted Average Price (VWAP) is a trading benchmark commonly used by traders and investors to gauge the market's trend and make informed decisions. Understanding and utilizing VWAP in trend following within the cryptocurrency market can significantly enhance trading strategies. This article delves into the intricacies of VWAP, offering a comprehensive guide on leveraging this powerful tool in trend following.

Understanding VWAP

The Volume Weighted Average Price (VWAP) serves as a trading indicator that reflects the average price of an asset, weighted by volume, over a specific time frame. It combines price and volume to provide traders with insight into both the trend direction and the strength of the trend.

Components of VWAP

VWAP is calculated by taking the cumulative total of the product of the number of shares traded and the share price, divided by the total shares traded for the day. This calculation offers traders a more accurate reflection of the market's movement, considering the volume of transactions.

Understanding the components of VWAP is crucial for traders aiming to utilize this indicator effectively. By analyzing the price in conjunction with the volume, traders can gain insights into the potential pressure behind price movements, whether bullish or bearish.

Significance of VWAP in Trading

VWAP holds significant importance in trading, particularly in assessing the market's trend. A price above the VWAP line suggests a bullish trend, while a price below indicates a bearish trend. Traders use this information to align their trades with the market's momentum, aiming to capitalize on the prevailing trend.

Moreover, VWAP can act as a support or resistance level, providing traders with potential entry or exit points. Its significance is heightened in the cryptocurrency market, where volatility and rapid price movements are common.

Applying VWAP in Trend Following

Trend following strategies involve identifying and capitalizing on market trends. Incorporating VWAP into these strategies can enhance decision-making processes by providing a clear indication of the trend's direction and strength.

Identifying Trend Direction

One of the primary uses of VWAP in trend following is to identify the trend's direction. By observing the position of the price relative to the VWAP line, traders can ascertain whether the market is in an uptrend or downtrend. This information is invaluable in making informed trading decisions that align with the market's overall direction.

For instance, in a bullish market, traders might look for opportunities to buy when the price dips towards the VWAP line, anticipating a bounce back. Conversely, in a bearish market, selling or shorting opportunities may arise when the price approaches the VWAP line from below.

Assessing Trend Strength

Beyond identifying the trend's direction, VWAP can also provide insights into the trend's strength. A widening gap between the price and the VWAP line often indicates strong buying or selling pressure, suggesting a robust trend. Conversely, a narrowing gap may signal weakening momentum, prompting traders to exercise caution.

This aspect of VWAP is particularly useful in the volatile cryptocurrency market, where trend strength can significantly impact trading outcomes.

Utilizing VWAP for Intraday Trading

Another valuable application of VWAP is in intraday trading. Traders can use VWAP to assess the intraday trend and make decisions based on how the current price compares to the VWAP level. By monitoring the price's relationship with VWAP throughout the trading day, traders can identify potential entry and exit points for short-term trades.

For example, if the price consistently stays above VWAP during the day, it may indicate a bullish sentiment, prompting traders to look for long opportunities. On the other hand, a price consistently below VWAP could signal a bearish trend, leading traders to consider short positions.

Integrating VWAP with Other Indicators

While VWAP is a powerful tool on its own, integrating it with other technical indicators can provide a more holistic view of the market. Combining VWAP with indicators such as moving averages, RSI (Relative Strength Index), or MACD (Moving Average Convergence Divergence) can help validate trend signals and enhance trading strategies.

Combining VWAP and Moving Averages

Using VWAP in conjunction with moving averages can help confirm trend directions and identify potential reversal points. For example, a crossover of a moving average above the VWAP line may indicate a bullish trend, offering a signal to enter a long position.

This combination allows traders to leverage the strengths of both indicators, using VWAP for immediate trend analysis and moving averages for longer-term trend confirmation.

Enhancing Risk Management

Effective risk management is crucial in trading, especially in the cryptocurrency market. VWAP can aid in risk management by providing clear levels for setting stop-loss orders. By placing stop-loss orders near the VWAP line, traders can limit their losses in case the market moves against their position.

This strategy helps protect capital while allowing traders to participate in the market's potential upside.


The Volume Weighted Average Price (VWAP) is an indispensable tool for traders looking to follow market trends, especially in the cryptocurrency space. By understanding and applying VWAP in trend following strategies, traders can enhance their ability to make informed decisions, capitalize on market movements, and manage risk effectively. As with any trading strategy, it's important to combine VWAP with other indicators and sound risk management practices to maximize success.

Embracing VWAP in trading endeavors offers a pathway to navigating the complexities of the cryptocurrency market, enabling traders to harness the power of volume and price data in pursuit of profitable trading opportunities.

Ready to Apply VWAP in Your Trading?

Now that you're equipped with the knowledge of using VWAP for trend following, it's time to put theory into practice. Join TIOmarkets, the top-rated forex broker, and access a vast range of trading instruments across Forex, indices, stocks, commodities, and futures markets. With over 170,000 accounts opened in more than 170 countries, TIOmarkets is committed to providing you with low fees and a robust trading platform. Enhance your trading skills with our educational resources and step-by-step guides. Don't wait any longer to elevate your trading journey. Create a Trading Account today and start leveraging the power of VWAP in your trades.

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Risk Disclaimer - of Liability: The authors, publishers, and distributors of this article are not responsible for any losses, damages, or liabilities that may arise from the use of the information contained herein. Readers are encouraged to seek professional advice from a qualified financial advisor before engaging in any trading activities.

By accessing this article, you acknowledge and agree that you are fully responsible for your trading decisions and any resulting outcomes. Always conduct thorough research and consider your financial situation, risk tolerance, and investment objectives before making any trading decisions.

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TIO Staff

Behind every blog post lies the combined experience of the people working at TIOmarkets. We are a team of dedicated industry professionals and financial markets enthusiasts committed to providing you with trading education and financial markets commentary. Our goal is to help empower you with the knowledge you need to trade in the markets effectively.

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