Financial Stability Board: Explained | TIOmarkets

BY TIO Staff

|July 9, 2024

The Financial Stability Board (FSB) is a global watchdog that oversees the international financial system to promote stability and protect against systemic risk. This body was established to coordinate at the international level, the work of national financial authorities and international standard-setting bodies in order to develop and promote the implementation of effective regulatory, supervisory, and other financial sector policies.

The FSB is a pivotal institution in the world of trading, as its actions and decisions can significantly impact global financial markets. Understanding the role, structure, and functions of the FSB is crucial for traders who wish to navigate the financial markets successfully and make informed trading decisions.

History of the Financial Stability Board

The Financial Stability Board was established in April 2009 as a successor to the Financial Stability Forum (FSF). The FSF was founded in 1999 by the G7 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors following the Asian financial crisis. Its mandate was to promote stability in the global financial system through information exchange and international cooperation.

However, the global financial crisis of 2007-2008 revealed the need for a more robust international body to oversee the financial system. As a result, the G20 leaders agreed to establish the FSB to include major emerging economies and broaden its mandate.

Key Milestones in FSB's History

The FSB's history is marked by several key milestones. In 2009, it was given a broad mandate to promote financial stability, including the responsibility to coordinate the work of national financial authorities and international standard-setting bodies. It was also tasked with conducting peer reviews of its member countries.

In 2010, the FSB was institutionalized with a secretariat hosted by the Bank for International Settlements. In 2012, it was granted legal personality and provided with a stronger institutional basis, governance, and resources.

Structure of the Financial Stability Board

The FSB is structured to ensure broad-based representation and effective functioning. It consists of a Plenary, Steering Committee, Standing Committees, Regional Consultative Groups, and a Secretariat.

The Plenary is the FSB's main decision-making body and comprises representatives from the central banks, supervisory and regulatory authorities, and finance ministries of its member countries, as well as international financial institutions, and international standard-setting bodies. The Steering Committee provides operational guidance between plenary meetings.

Standing Committees

The FSB has several standing committees that focus on specific areas. These include the Committee on Assessment of Vulnerabilities, which identifies and assesses vulnerabilities affecting the global financial system; the Committee on Supervisory and Regulatory Cooperation, which promotes cooperation and information sharing among authorities; and the Committee on Standards Implementation, which monitors and promotes the implementation of agreed financial standards.

The FSB also has Regional Consultative Groups to facilitate interaction among its members and non-member countries. The Secretariat, located in Basel, Switzerland, provides operational support, including coordinating policy work and organizing meetings.

Role and Functions of the Financial Stability Board

The FSB plays a crucial role in promoting global financial stability. It monitors and advises on market developments and their implications for regulatory policy, coordinates the tools and policies needed to address systemic risks, and promotes the implementation of effective regulatory policies.

Moreover, the FSB fosters a level playing field by encouraging a consistent implementation of these policies across different countries and sectors. It also conducts peer reviews to assess the implementation and effectiveness of these policies at the national level.

FSB's Role in Trading

The FSB's work has significant implications for trading. Its actions can affect market sentiment, influence the risk appetite of investors, and impact the regulatory environment for financial institutions. Therefore, traders need to monitor the FSB's activities and understand their potential impact on financial markets.

For instance, the FSB's assessments of global financial vulnerabilities can provide valuable insights into potential risks and opportunities in the market. Its policy recommendations can lead to regulatory changes that affect specific sectors or types of financial instruments. Furthermore, the FSB's work on financial standards can influence the practices of financial institutions, affecting their performance and, consequently, the financial markets.

FSB's Impact on Global Financial Stability

The FSB has made significant contributions to global financial stability since its establishment. It has strengthened the resilience of the global financial system by promoting the implementation of key reforms, such as improving the quality and quantity of bank capital, developing new standards for bank liquidity and leverage, and introducing a new resolution regime for failing banks.

Moreover, the FSB has enhanced the monitoring of global financial stability risks by improving the quality and comprehensiveness of financial data. It has also promoted the consistent implementation of international financial standards, thereby fostering a level playing field and reducing the scope for regulatory arbitrage.

FSB's Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic

The FSB has played a key role in coordinating the global financial policy response to the COVID-19 pandemic. It has worked to ensure the flow of credit to the real economy, maintain financial stability, and preserve the gains of the G20 financial reforms.

Furthermore, the FSB has monitored the financial stability implications of the pandemic and advised on necessary responses. It has also coordinated the sharing of policy experiences and lessons learned among its members, thereby promoting effective policy responses at the national and international levels.


The Financial Stability Board plays a crucial role in promoting global financial stability, which has significant implications for trading. Its actions can influence market sentiment, affect the regulatory environment, and impact the performance of financial institutions. Therefore, understanding the FSB's role, structure, and functions is essential for traders who wish to navigate the financial markets successfully.

Moreover, the FSB's work is not static but evolves in response to changing market conditions and emerging risks. Therefore, traders need to keep abreast of the FSB's activities and understand their potential impact on financial markets. This understanding can provide valuable insights into market trends and risks, inform trading decisions, and contribute to successful trading outcomes.

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TIO Staff

Behind every blog post lies the combined experience of the people working at TIOmarkets. We are a team of dedicated industry professionals and financial markets enthusiasts committed to providing you with trading education and financial markets commentary. Our goal is to help empower you with the knowledge you need to trade in the markets effectively.

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